Individual, Sub-Groups, Groups and Freedom
Unlike other philosophers, Marx philosophies in a way that communicated both to professional philosophers and the practicing common man. He appears like a trapeze artist, doing a number of things at the same time. While his intent was to communicate to the people who create history, being a professional philosopher himself, he had problems in communicating to this audience. He is controversial among professional philosophers and critically among practicing Marxists, but always has a major impact on the common sense of ordinary struggling people – the organic individuals. This trilogy of monographs is an encounter with Marx, the Philosopher at this ordinary level. The applications of the results of this trilogy are presented in two volumes, one in English and one in Telugu.
This volume, the third of the trilogy, presents the problems of human freedom. Human freedom consists of a recognition of necessity. Human being with a finite existence operates in an infinite space. This puts an enormous restriction on the trajectory of human history, from accumulated knowledge and its pedagogical transmission to the next generation. Formation of groups and subgroups aids this process. These are essential to give form and content to the human being and in the process impose certain identities and limits on the human being. Thus freedom consists in recognizing the necessity of groups and sub-groups and also moving away from them.* * *
Dr. M. Bharati, a physicist by formal training, by force of circumstances, strayed into social sciences. She did a number of empirical studies on problems of development and displacement. Subsequently, she made a dent into methodology of social enquiry. She was Chairperson for Institute of Study of Society and Culture, Burla and was associated with Centre for Documentation, Research and Communication, Hyderabad, Indian Council of Philosophical Research and Human Rights Centre at the University of Hyderabad.